This list of common cancer types includes cancers that are diagnosed with the greatest frequency in the United States, excluding nonmelanoma skin cancers:
Bladder Cancer , Breast Cancer , Colon and Rectal Cancer , Endometrial Cancer , Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer , Leukemia , Lung Cancer , Melanoma , Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma , Pancreatic Cancer , Prostate Cancer and Thyroid Cancer
The following table gives the estimated numbers of new cases and deaths for each common cancer type:
|Cancer Type||Estimated New Cases||Estimated Deaths|
|Breast (Female – Male)||232,340 – 2,240||39,620 – 410|
|Colon and Rectal (Combined)||142,820||50,830|
|Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer||59,938||12,586|
|Leukemia (All Types)||48,610||23,720|
|Lung (Including Bronchus)||228,190||159,480|
Cancer types can be grouped into broader categories. The main categories of cancer include:
- Carcinoma - cancer that begins in the skin or in tissues that line or cover internal organs. There are a number of subtypes of carcinoma, including adenocarcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and transitional cell carcinoma.
- Sarcoma - cancer that begins in bone, cartilage, fat, muscle, blood vessels, or other connective or supportive tissue.
- Leukemia - cancer that starts in blood-forming tissue such as the bone marrow and causes large numbers of abnormal blood cells to be produced and enter the blood.
- Lymphoma and myeloma - cancers that begin in the cells of the immune system.
- Central nervous system cancers - cancers that begin in the tissues of the brain and spinal cord.
Origins of Cancer
Not all tumors are cancerous; tumors can be benign or malignant.
- Benign tumors aren't cancerous. They can often be removed, and, in most cases, they do not come back. Cells in benign tumors do not spread to other parts of the body.
- Malignant tumors are cancerous. Cells in these tumors can invade nearby tissues and spread to other parts of the body. The spread of cancer from one part of the body to another is called metastasis.
These are the most common risk factors for cancer:
SymptomsCancer can cause many different symptoms. These are some of them:
- A thickening or lump in the breast or any other part of the body
- A new mole or a change in an existing mole
- A sore that does not heal
- Hoarseness or a cough that does not go away
- Changes in bowel or bladder habits
- Discomfort after eating
- A hard time swallowing
- Weight gain or loss with no known reason
- Unusual bleeding or discharge
- Feeling weak or very tired
Usually, early cancer does not cause pain. If you have symptoms, do not wait to feel pain before seeing a doctor.